Word of the Day
1. Thermopylae (name means”hot gates”) was a pass the Greeks tried to defend in battle against the Persian forces led by Xerxes, in 480 B.C. The Greeks (Spartans and allies) knew they were outnumbered and hadn’t a prayer, so it was no surprise that the Persians won the Battle of Thermopylae.
The Spartans who led the defense were all killed, and they may have known in advance that they would be, but their courage provided inspiration to the Greeks.
Although Greece lost at Thermopylae, the following year they won battles fought against the Persians.
2. Leonidas had command of the land forces of the Spartans and at Thermopylae was in charge of all the allied Greek land forces. Herodotus says he heard an oracle that told him that either a king of the Spartans would die or their country would be overrun. Although improbable, Leonidas and his band of 300 elite Spartans stood with impressive courage to face the mighty Persian force, although they knew they would die.
3. Xerxes– King of the Persia led the Persian army against the Spartans. The Greek historian, Herodotus describes the Persian forces as being more than two million strong
Read Like a Historian Lesson The Battle of Thermopylae
Central Historical Question:
How many Persians were at the Battle of Thermopylae?
Analyze historical documents A-D & Complete a graphic organizer